What is Experiential Learning?
Experiential learning is inductive, learner centered, and activity oriented. Personalized reflection about an experience and the formulation of plans to apply learning to other contexts are critical factors in effective experiential learning. The emphasis in experiential learning is on the process of learning and not on the product.
Experiential learning can be viewed as a cycle consisting of five phases, all of which are necessary:
- experiencing (an activity occurs);
- sharing or publishing (reactions and observations are shared);
- analyzing or processing (patterns and dynamics are determined);
- inferring or generalizing (principles are derived); and,
- applying (plans are made to use learning in new situations).
For more information on Instructional Strategies, please refer to Instructional Approaches: A Framework for Professional Practice.